St. Louis Blues was composed by W. C. Handy and published in September 1914. It was one of the first blues songs to succeed as a pop song. When Handy passed away in 1958, he was earning royalties of approximately $25,000 annually–about $217,000 in 2018 dollars–for just St. Louis Blues. It remains part of the repertoire of jazz musicians.
Key: G major
Mood: sad, upset, determined, resigned
Pedagogy: countermelodies, staccato, dynamics, repeats, 1st/2nd endings